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He shares his name with composer Luigi Boccherini, who gained considerable fame for playing violin repertoire on the cello and wrote a series of string quartets that are popular to this day. 11, No. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. "Pocoyo, Classical Music Free" contains ads … February 19 Horoscope. Generation. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Luigi-Boccherini, Classical Net - Biography of Luigi Boccherini, Luigi Boccherini - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). He died on May 28, 1805, Madrid, Spain. Luigi Boccherini (February 19, 1743 – May 28, 1805) was a classical era composer and cellist from Italy, mostly known for one particular minuet from one of his string quintets, and … Reportedly, he was by then living in near poverty, although his financial plight may have been exaggerated. A double bassist, Boccherini's father began giving his son cello lessons at the age of five. Born on February 19, 1743, Boccherini was the son of a professional musician who was the first double bassist to perform solo concerts. His first compositions were published when he was 17. His final opera was performed in 1804 and from that time onwards Salieri concentrated on composing sacred music. Fun Facts A double bassist, Boccherini's father began giving his son cello lessons at the age of five. Boccherini was primarily a composer of chamber music, although his symphonies and concerti have considerable merit. As a boy he showed great talent and was sent to Rome to study music. Some of our recent additions are below, or you can browse all 42 (and counting!) To his prodigious instrumental production, Boccherini added vocal compositions: the Stabat Mater, G 532 (1781), the zarzuela La Clementina, G 540 (1786), with libretto by Ramon de la Cruz, and the Christmas Villancicos, G 539 (1783). The king’s brother, the infante Don Luis, conferred on him a yearly endowment of 30,000 reals as a cellist and composer. 5, and the Cello Concerto in B flat major. Boccherini’s well-known minuet is from his String Quintet in E Major, G 275. Luigi Boccherini was a Pisces and was born in the G.I. Monument to Luigi Boccherini One of the few statues to famous people in Lucca. Luigi Boccherini is a famous Italian cellist and composer of the 18th century. At 16, Boccherini was solo cellist at the Imperial Theater in Vienna. Madrid, May 25, 1805. Regrettably, his best-known work remains the Cello Concerto in B-flat, which was actually arranged from two Boccherini concerti and a sonata by the 19th-century composer and cellist Friedrich Grützmacher. Yet his treatment of instrumental texture was richly varied, emerging as one of the most characteristic features of his music, particularly in his concertante writing, in which he obtained a wide variety of tone colours by writing high viola or cello parts (he was clearly influenced here by his own instrumental facility). Luigi Boccherini Biography by Rovi Staff + Follow Artist. In 1798 the new king of Prussia refused to extend Boccherini’s pension, the duchess of Osuna (another important source of income) moved to Paris, and Boccherini’s financial distress was aggravated by poor health. At an early age he was put under the care of the musical director of the local cathedral. Boccherini married Joaquina Porreti in 1787. Boccherini's cello compositions reveal very advanced cello technique for his time. Thus, whereas Haydn’s first movements usually centre upon the closely reasoned argument of their development sections, Boccherini’s depend on their thematic material and the way in which it is presented and re-presented. When he returned to Lucca he entered the theatre orchestra and the town band. Those include Franz Schubert, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Joseph Haydn, Luigi Boccherini, Ludwig van Beethoven, Carl Friedrich Abel, Johann Stamitz, Christoph Willibald Gluck, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Antonio Salieri, and many more. Boccherini was born into a musical family in Lucca, Italy in 1743. 4.1 out of 5 stars 4 Franz Joseph Haydn may be the father of the string quartet, but Luigi Boccherini might be considered one of its uncles. The elder Boccherini started to give his son cello lessons when the boy was five years old. JUMP TO : Luigi Boccherini’s biography , facts , family , personal life , zodiac , videos and related celebs . Luigi Boccherini; His Life and Work. Boccherini put together the first public string quartet performance, with an extraordinary string quartet made up of outstanding Tuscan virtuosos, including himself, Pietro Nardini, Nardini’s pupil Filippo Manfredi, and Giuseppe Cambini. In August 1764 he obtained a permanent position in Lucca with the local church and theatre orchestras. Luigi Boccherini: Quintets I, II & III for String Quartet & Guitar - The Artaria Quartet / Richard Savino by Boccherini, Luigi , Savino, Richard , et al. ... Arcangelo Corelli, Antonio Vivaldi, and Luigi Boccherini contributing immensely to the development of this genre. In Rome Boccherini was influenced by the polyphonic tradition (i.e., music with two or more interweaving melodic parts) stemming from the works of Giovanni da Palestrina and from the instrumental music of Arcangelo Corelli. Luigi Boccherini was born on February 19, 1743 (age 277 years) in Italy. Luigi Boccherini, in full Luigi Rodolfo Boccherini, (born February 19, 1743, Lucca [Italy]—died May 28, 1805, Madrid, Spain), Italian composer and cellist who influenced the development of the string quartet as a musical genre and who composed the first music for a quintet for strings, as well as a quintet for strings and piano. Luigi Can Turn Into A Kitsune. Boccherini, Luigi (lo͞oē`jē bôk-kĕrē`nē), 1743–1805, Italian composer and cellist. on the videos page. Read Full Biography. His father, Leopold, a contrabass player, gave him his first violoncello lessons, and Luigi was playing professionally at 13. According to tradition, it was the Spanish ambassador to Paris who persuaded Boccherini to move (probably in 1768 or early 1769) to Madrid, where he began his long sojourn at the intrigue-ridden court of Charles III. His music is as regal, dainty, and elegant as Mozart and Haydn. He is a celebrated composer. © ClassicalClips.com. 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