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Home » Networking » Communication » Classification of Computer Networks. We will keep adding updated notes, past papers, guess papers and other materials with time. �I��8}��R�K������v����z�mdcFU�&��b9��}�p�a���xm� ��/[a��r���'�x���3 d��huD���h����WN�$��? Micro-computer. Super Computers: Super computers are the fastest, largest and costliest computers available. Exascale Supercomputer. MCQs ��L>>ɱUJV��QX9U���ss�*N���B��?m�y�@s^"���V��[email protected]���T{��j��R��� ����Pd8KG�\��x+���ʟ�I���-��KI! Its principal characteristics are: § It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner. >> Download CS8491 Computer Architecture Lecture Notes, Books, Syllabus, Part-A 2 marks with answers and CS8491 Computer Architecture Important Part-B 16 marks Questions, PDF Book, Question Bank with answers Key. On the basis of functionality. 4 0 obj Class 11 Computer Notes are free and will always remain free. Computer Science Notes for 1st Year for Federal Board (FBISE) Islamabad & Punjab Boards. Digital computer –Digital computer is the most commonly used type of computer and is used to process information with quantities using digits, usually using the binary number system.Ex – MacBook. Basics of Computers - Classification - Historically computers were classified according to processor types because development in processor and processing speeds were the … Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. Analog computers represent variables by physical quantities. /Group <> The computer systems can be classified on the following basis: 1. stream The speed is in the 100 million instructions per second range. Below is the PDF notes for the Chapter 1, and its title is "Fundamentals of Computer" This is the content that you can find in the PDF. It uses multiple number of CPU. Such computers process data into a digital value (in 0s and 1s). Mini-computer. Super computers are the largest and most powerful; microcomputers are the smallest. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us . �qR�t�H�ҵT�1��� �t��w��. The classification of generations has been done based on technology, speed, storage, reliability and cost. Palmtop A small computer that literally fits in your palm. Presented by: Aasim mushtaq 2. They are expensive than desktop. Computer Studies Notes Form 1 Chapter 1 . �ifk�r}��A&�Z���,� Y&0�+U��Y�ouR‘�q�`�o)���X�_{Lw0α�ɥ����w�lEm�s1{�eG�7���­xؒ%+bk The following figure illustrates the classification of computers based on different criteria. Need for logical analysis and thinking – Algorithm – Pseudo code – Flow Chart. Classification of computers in relation to size divides computers into four main categories: mainframe computers, minicomputers, micro-computers and supercomputers. endobj Classification Of Computers • • • • Micro-computers Minicomputers Mainframe computer Supercomputers Micro-c Download link is provided below to A Complete Key Book in PDF Format for Class 11 (XI) / HSSC / Intermediate. /ViewerPreferences 201 0 R This article looked at the basic computer components and classification of computers. Most of these words imply the size, expected use or capability of the computer. and peopleware. XT computers have processing speed of 4.77 MHz and are comparatively slow in speed. /ExtGState <> 2 0 obj Classification of Computers Computers can be classified according to their functionality and size. CP Unit-1: Computer Programming Pdf Notes. i) Multiuser OS:In a multiuser OS, more than one user can use the same system at a same time through the multi I/O terminal or through the network.ii) Multiprocessing OS:A multiprocessing OS can support the execution of multiple processes at the same time. �����\��sS���ظ�5Ep.łF�S=JIh6a^7��&ۣ�nv>dM5���������*� �;�{�3�Siɓc����X�����SWx�Mv5��=���^w������a\�Hj�0��m�C��J�H�w�����4`r��pb�^.G��ue�����i=��3Fx��T鉆���B*�!�Q���TMW��� %�����s:��r�Vdb���� �H�NR���$�]R���4��X}�� ]W�y�[�����#�7b�t�B�&(hocw�ߛq�S�s[L^���Q6;�H!��q�5��:괲~$���9�� ��F�c�U9Z�Ǧ�q��]��14u�s����҅��bF�? It generally consists of two or more processors. <> Below is the PDF notes for the Chapter 1, and its title is "Fundamentals of Computer" This is the content that you can find in the PDF. Mini-computer •Is a medium sized computer that is more powerful than microcomputers. E-notes on Classification of Digital Computers Definition: A Computer A computer is an electronic device that accepts raw data, processes it according to a set of instructions and required to produce the desired result. /MediaBox [0 0 595.5600 842.0400] Computer Organization Pdf Free Download. Introduction to Computers, Anatomy of Computers, Input and Output Devices 5-11 2 Units of Memory, Hardware, Software and Classification of Computers 12-17 3 Personal Computers, Types of Processors, Booting of Computer- warm and cold booting 18-20 4 Computer Viruses, Worms and Vaccines 21-24 5 Operating System – Some Fundamental DOS They can be held in hands. We will also introduce a mobile app for viewing all the notes on mobile. The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory, and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms. Classification of Computers It is capable of doing word processing, spreadsheets and hand writing recognition, GAME playing, faxing and paging. This document is highly rated by Computer Science Engineering (CSE) students and has been viewed 1969 times. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. On the basis of data handling. • mainframe : A powerful multi-user computer capable of supporting many hundreds or thousands of users simultaneously. E�`p Tyrocity.com envisions the education system of the country to be redefined through active engagement, discussions, required assistance and by bringing the right information to your fingertips. Chapter Name 01 Introduction to computers 02 Computer Components 03 Input / Output Devices 04 Storage Devices 05 Number System 06 ... Q#11: Define computer. Laptop and Smartphone Computers LAPTOP: A laptop is a battery or AC-powered personal computer that can be easily 3. Although personal computers are designed as single-user systems, these systems are normally linked together to form a network. Classification of Computer: Types of Computers. Analog Computers Analog computers are used to process continuous data. Super computers : The super computers are the most high performing system. These Notes Key Book, Guide & Handouts with solved exercises are as per latest syllabus. Briefly describe classification of computers. In terms of power, nowadays high-end models of the Macintosh and PC offer the same computing power and graphics capability as low-end workstations by Sun Microsystems, Hewlett-Packard, and Dell. ͿR��71��6�� D�۱w��?�od�M_�R~��e\A8ˣ�O�a���fbdI�b�O�܏,�)����� stream We can classify computers on the basis of size as below: Super computer. ... Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. •Is a medium sized computer that is more powerful than microcomputers. • Most PDAs also offer a variety of other applica-tion software such as word processing, spread- Classification based on Size and Capability: On the basis of size and capability, digital computers can be classified as: • Super Computer • Mainframe Computer • Mini Computer • Micro Computer. The computers are broadly classified into four categories based on their size and type : (1) Microcomputers, (2) Minicomputers, (3) Mainframe computers, and (4) Supercomputer. XT (Extended / Extra Technology) Computer : The computers that use 8086, 8088 microprocessor are called XT computers. They give the results with more accuracy and at a faster rate. Introduction#To#Computers#–#Technology#Applications# # # # There are a lot of terms used to describe computers. The computers are broadly classified into four categories (Figure 1) based on their size and type-(1) Microcomputers (2) Minicomputers (3) Mainframe computers, and (4) Supercomputer. This chapter introduces the student to what a computer is, classifies computers into different categories, compares the different classes of computers and also introduces the keyboard as as a basic input device. �\�%��k>�)����p&�m%_g���;�UU�7[�G���}�֊��&�6���D�I:P § It can quickly store and retrieve large amounts of data. >> For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us. They tend to be used for specific applications in weather forecasting, aircraft design and nuclear research. ��\�C�t���q���o[$W�֨��9���#�� R��iab�˥��`���h�͐F�pZtbn.�*L�*f݌�Ȣ��o�O���{R�|�n� Exercise 1. Classification of Computer Presentation Transcript: 1.Classification of Computer 2.The digital computers that are available nowadays vary in their sizes and types. /Tabs /S The set of instructions is called Program and can be written using artificial languages like Basic, FORTRAN, C, C++, Java etc. Introduction#To#Computers#–#Technology#Applications# # # # There are a lot of terms used to describe computers. This chapter introduces the student to what a computer is, classifies computers into different categories, compares the different classes of computers and also introduces the keyboard as as a basic input device. In addition to the microprocessor, a personal computer has a keyboard for entering Laptop: - this computer is similar to a desktop computers but the size is smaller. M.Sc Computer Science Computer Notes Class 9 . MCQs Make sure to comment down your experience regarding our website. >> Thus any computer which solve problem by translating physical conditions such as flow, temperature, pressure, angular position or voltage into related Computer programmers decide which data structures to use based on the nature of the data and the processes that need to be performed on that data. 3 0 obj The analog computer measures the changes in … The computers are broadly classified into four categories (Figure 1) based on their size and type-(1) Microcomputers (2) Minicomputers (3) Mainframe computers, and (4) Supercomputer. Computers types I, Computer: Definition A computer is a machine that can be programmed to manipulate symbols. The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory, and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us. Hybrid computers incorporate the measuring feature of an analog computer and counting feature of a digital computer. Nov 09, 2020 - Chapter 20: Classification of computers - PPT, Computer fundamentals, Class Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Computer Science Engineering (CSE). Classification on the basis of size. The term ‘capacity’ refers to the volume of work or the data processing capability a computer can handle. 10 Types of Computers find this file in PDF format on our class CMPE12 1) History of Computers. Nov 09, 2020 - Chapter 20: Classification of computers - PPT, Computer fundamentals, Class Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Computer Science Engineering (CSE). /Outlines 203 0 R It has smaller The need to develop such a high performance Supercomputer comes after China’s surge in high performance computing. ^ ��d���y��-_A�e\TUWC�A��p���f��F���y����@ �ރm-j,��m�{_x.�vR��`���L|Vf��_E���[email protected]� Starting from 1940s, computers’ performance, measured in terms of processing speed, storage capacity, accuracy of results, multi … A PC can be defined as a small, relatively inexpensive computer designed for an individual user. These notes are useful if you are the student of Federal Board in Pakistan. कार्यप्रणाली के आधार पर इन्हें तीन भागो Analog, Digital, and Hybrid में वर्गीकृत किया गया हैं| Analog Computer वे Computer होते है जो भौतिक मात्राओ, जैसे- दाब (Pressure), तापमान (Tempressure), लम्बाई (Length), ऊचाई (Height) आदि को मापकर उनके परिमाप अंको में व्यक्त करते है ये Computer किसी राशि का परिमाप तुलना के आधार पर करते है जैसे- थर्मामीटर | Analog Computer मुख्य रूप से विज्ञान और इंजीनियरिंग … They tend to be used for specific applications in weather forecasting, aircraft design and nuclear research. The History of Computers The history of computers is interesting perform many types of calculations Computer, Its Classification Generation of Computer vary in their sizes and types. The speed is in the 100 million instructions per second range. Computer components include hardware, software. Classification Of Computers. Classification of Computer Presentation Transcript: 1.Classification of Computer 2.The digital computers that are available nowadays vary in their sizes and types. These computers are not as powerful as desktop computers. Classification Of Computers •Micro-computers •Minicomputers •Mainframe computer •Supercomputers . We can classify computers on the basis of size as below: Super computer. This document is highly rated by Computer Science Engineering (CSE) students and has been viewed 1969 times. Computers can be generally classified by size and power as follows, though there is considerable overlap: § Personal computer: A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor. They give the results with more accuracy and at a faster rate. <> It can execute five million instructions per second. •Micro-computers •Minicomputers •Mainframe computer •Supercomputers. Super computer is the fastest, most expensive, big in size, and most powerful computer that can perform multiple tasks within no second. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] Compared to full-size computers, palmtops are severely limited, but they are practical for certain functions such as phone books and calendars. Computer Programming Pdf Notes 1st Year – CP Pdf Notes. 2. The time periods for this computer are from 1975 - 1982. Introduction to Computers . Monday, November 21, 2016 Classification of Computers by Type 2. XT computers have processing speed of 4.77 MHz and are comparatively slow in speed. Fixed Point Representation. endobj At home, the most popular use for personal computers is playing games and surfing the Internet. II. On 29 th July, 2015, President of the United States, Barack Obama, approved the development of an Exascale Super Computer.The Exascale Super computer will be 30 times faster and more powerful than today’s fastest Super Computers. Classification of Computers size Technology Purpose Computer Mainframe Computer Mini Computer Micro Computer Digital Analog Hybrid General Purpose Special Purpose Desktop Laptop ... notes, organizing telephone numbers and ad-dresses. �G�쀾VP�4���gy[Ӣ���L��E�s����pТ���{ǐ��%EHUxi�|������z�Gӆsv���G��Īl�c��_�2��N�F*8���,�W�[email protected][0��H-�@L��+Z�%�{�i�a���Jt�Z �h�-�-���tvG�f�L��M"C6!&Z��n�Lr��� Classification of Computer 1. %PDF-1.7 %���� § It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program). /StructParents 0 endobj COMPUTER PROGRAMMING,Generation and Classification of Computers- Basic Organization of a Ccmputer -Number System -Binary – Decimal – Conversion – Problems. The need to develop such a high performance Supercomputer comes after China’s surge in high performance computing. Generation of Computer: Every stage of technological advancement in computer development is referred to as a ‘Generation of Computer’. Computer Studies Notes Form 1 Chapter 1 . Wearable computer: - The size of this computer is very small so that it can be worn on the body. The general-purpose computers are varying widely in … UNIT-I . Computers are classify according to: Purpose Type of Data Handled Capacity 3. While the term computer can apply to almost any device that has a microprocessor in it, most people think of a computer as a device that Classification of Computers Types of Computers 1. WhatistheClassificationof Computer Computer are available in different shapes and weights, due to these different shapes and sizes they perform different sorts of jobs form one another. 1 0 obj They are more costly than laptop. A computer can be as big as an entire room or as small as a microcontroller found in mobiles and embedded systems. •Minicomputer is usually designed to serve multiple users simultaneously. Introduction to Computers . Computer Fundamental Notes in Hindi PDF Download; Tally ERP 9 Learning Book in Hindi PDF Free Download; All Degree Full Form List – सभी Education Words की List; Classification of Computers on the Basis of Size and Capabilities. Computer Types and Functions Computer Literacy Part 3. On 29 th July, 2015, President of the United States, Barack Obama, approved the development of an Exascale Super Computer.The Exascale Super computer will be 30 times faster and more powerful than today’s fastest Super Computers. Classification of Computer On the Basis of Size. PDF | On Nov 26, 2018, Firoz Mahmud published Lecture Notes on Computer Architecture | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate %PDF-1.4 ���7׉�/Ä��0N\�B�\��g3��.��r��S�����f^"�]�g5�w(�:�P4E/�B��6���2���@���]�����.��������,�M�a���� 9=�qle��= a� ?�k28��Fw'� The weight of laptop is around 3 to 5 kg. Hybrid computers incorporate the measuring feature of an analog computer and counting feature of a digital computer. affects the performance of a program for different tasks. /Contents 4 0 R In this article, we classified computers into four, namely: by generation, by size, by type, and by degree of versatility. !�EЋsD� !��. 2. Computers classification*** Computers can be generally classified by size and power as follows, though there is Considerable overlap: • Personal computer: A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor. Micro-computer •It is defined as a computer that has microprocessor as its CPU. /Parent 2 0 R There are different classifications of computers. •It is defined as a computer that has microprocessor as its CPU. Note that the 19th century contributions of automating ... into the first three generations of computers. They were very expensive to operate and in addition to using a great deal of electricity, generated a lot of heat, which was often the cause of malfunctions. On the basis of size. ]}�����ŋ�%�R�V��ar�鴂�>bش��K�2ǪH�m�k}�B��Q�¢�]����[N5��S���Lj�@?�&�x�a���ת��ˬG�c��{�����)�� r�K{��HZ'������=���0�e��N=�3M���PaFk��E�+�">�p��.og�k�C�U4��w���`q��a�^��ANt�ғգ^��,|2{)p���i���~Pt V"�41y8� N�W-�6w���&((��Ъ�%��v���`O��3�'w8����n(*AJ :��m+��A��F���h`�E�e�rjK��ː;����J^��B�Z��ރ�?��)i�^���A_��Z��X.K�9�[� Businesses use personal computers for word processing, accounting, desktop publishing, and for running spreadsheet and database management applications. ... Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. Mini Computers Mini computers were introduced in the 1960s. XT (Extended / Extra Technology) Computer : The computers that use 8086, 8088 microprocessor are called XT computers. § Workstation: A powerful, single-user computer. Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. They weigh 2 to 3 kg. According to size computers can be divided into following types: 1. Introduction to Computers, Anatomy of Computers, Input and Output Devices 5-11 2 Units of Memory, Hardware, Software and Classification of Computers 12-17 3 Personal Computers, Types of Processors, Booting of Computer- warm and cold booting 18-20 4 Computer Viruses, Worms and Vaccines 21-24 5 Operating System – Some Fundamental DOS Content List Chapter No. affects the performance of a program for different tasks. �� Learning Outcomes At t he end of the lesson, I should be able to: (1) Identify computers classified by type (2) State the characteristics of computers by types (3) State examples of computers by types Super Computers: Super computers are the fastest, largest and costliest computers available. • supercomputer : An extremely fast computer that can perform hundreds of millions of instructions per second. Computers are classified into various types based on historical development (computer generation), purpose, technology used, and size & storage capacity. The types of computers according to their functionality are analog computer, digital computer and hybrid computer. Some of the more commonly used data structures include lists, arrays, stacks, queues, heaps, trees, and graphs. Classification Of Computers. �q���5�s��a��d�5UM��D/k��Rz�,�� ��M�A�����H���>��ڗ�װV~S>�D�4��%�o��|��-|���c�Me�cb��y��G�'*�;��Q�ߠ4�8`IHΪF�T�R�i�h �[�t�����=�C}��8�[email protected]�"���VI��I������DS����ZB8�tN�"��~_*�@�Q~ZK�>߸�K�i��P�u��\����G+'���� ��f����n�-V�«ͺj7��K�8!9�կl �����+�8�j�2�*:�~��aX�83Z��6}�V���������o5��JN�m��(��g͜a�+1��_��~��c�v��x���K ���M������3� "�x�8�RRu��k2���=Y!�iC�­~����e�1�Wg��gK���'���3g7>���ثa�4���3;BK����L8��NQT�#�2����rt��Ӥ|(4�-Pc��=lAB�;�� p*�}���\m���\Q~�2��^��/vB�9�; computers are small in size. 5 0 obj %�쏢 Computer Types, Functional units, Basic operational concepts, Bus structures, Software, Performance, multiprocessors and multi computers. computers are also called PDAs, palmtops and pocket computers. They were very expensive to operate and in addition to using a great deal of electricity, generated a lot of heat, which was often the cause of malfunctions. PDF | On Nov 26, 2018, Firoz Mahmud published Lecture Notes on Computer Architecture | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate According to size computers can be divided into following types: 1. Most of these words imply the size, expected use or capability of the computer. �\T�5��/��zrWM5��&J/GIt*�3[���7�I!��t->[4��� ��L�~���������lO!�P;����cgTM�Q�2���@�N��V c��x>t!�{_�+A'����){M. Classification of Computers - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Such computers process data into a digital value (in 0s and 1s). The time periods for this computer are from 1975 - 1982. Data types, Complements, Data Representation. Notebook: - These computers are as powerful as desktop but size of these computers are comparatively smaller than laptop and desktop. These notes are useful if you are the student of Federal Board in Pakistan. While the term computer can apply to almost any device that has a microprocessor in it, most people think of a computer as a device that <> Classification of Computer On the Basis of Size. Computer Science HSEB Notes on Classification of Computer on the Basis of Size Class : 11 The digital computers that are available nowadays vary in their sizes and types. Classification of computers by type 1. PCs are based on the microprocessor technology that enables manufacturers to put an entire CPU on one chip. Home » Fundamental » Computer » Classification. <> Classification by Capacity Computers can be classified according to their capacity. -+�\����孹7%.�B_ BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS: Computer Organization pdf Notes. Some of the more commonly used data structures include lists, arrays, stacks, queues, heaps, trees, and graphs. Different-sized computers offer different services. 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General-Purpose computers are small in size the volume of work or the data processing capability a computer can as!: Definition a computer can handle designed to serve multiple users simultaneously the term ‘ Capacity refers... Federal Board ( FBISE ) Islamabad & Punjab Boards lists, arrays, stacks, queues, heaps,,! Are varying widely in … computers are designed as single-user systems, these are!, trees, and for running spreadsheet and database management applications are normally linked together form. Instructions in a well-defined manner are used to process continuous data experience regarding website. Think is missing, please feel free to Contact us three generations of computers by type 2 computer can... These Notes Key Book in PDF format on our class CMPE12 1 ) History of computers basis size. It is capable of doing word processing, accounting, desktop publishing, and graphs computers. Volume of work or the data processing capability a computer can be as big as an CPU... And size also called PDAs, palmtops and pocket computers ) students and has been done on... And other materials with time computers mini computers mini computers were introduced in 100! Computers on the body • Supercomputer: an extremely fast computer that has microprocessor its... It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions per second range & ��b9�� } �p�a���xm� ��/ a��r���'�x���3... The general-purpose computers are classify according to their functionality are analog computer and counting feature of digital! [ L^���Q6 ; �H! ��q�5��: 괲~ $ ���9�� ��F�c�U9Z�Ǧ�q�� ] ��14u�s����҅��bF� in … computers are the fastest largest! Can execute a prerecorded list of instructions in a well-defined manner systems are normally linked together form... Phone books and calendars feature of a Ccmputer -Number system -Binary – Decimal Conversion! Networking » Communication » classification of computers computers can be classified on the body to... Useful if you are the largest and costliest computers available 4.77 MHz and are comparatively slow in.. Purpose type of query or something that you think is missing, feel. Computer that can be worn on the basis of size as below: super computers super! Programmed to manipulate symbols computer types, Functional units, basic operational concepts, structures. Computer: Definition a computer that can be divided into following types: 1 mobiles! Functionality and size their Capacity computers is playing games and surfing the Internet surfing the Internet than...

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